Safety on European Beaches, Operational guidelines

This document has been written by the International Life Saving Federation of Europe (ILSE) in 2005. The publication has been produced with the permission of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents in the United Kingdom and the Royal Life Saving Society UK from their publication "Safety on Beaches" Operational Guidelines.

This article is interesting for anyone who wants to understand why people drown and learn about the need of risk assessment and beach management.

Also interesting in "Safety on European Beaches, operational guidelines" is the following warning by the authors as regards to estuarial beaches: 

Estuarial waters are amongst the most treacherous locations around the coastline, especially in narrow channels with fast currents. Although such places often contain attractive beaches nearby, and offer good opportunities for water sports, they have been proven to be most hazardous, with a high risk of drowning.

Unless there is very good reason to the contrary, swimming should be prohibited from estuarial beaches and appropriate warning signs should be posted at all access points, including those from adjacent beaches.